# Help Wikipedia Fundamentals Explained

Let's say you had one legit $20 and one really good photocopy of the same $20. If someone were to try to spend both the true bill and the fake one, someone who took the trouble of looking at both of the invoices' consecutive numbers would observe that they had been exactly the exact same number, and thus one of them needed to be fictitious.

That isn't a perfect analogy--we'll explain in more detail below. .

Once a miner has confirmed 1 MB (megabyte) worthiness of Bitcoin transactions, they are entitled to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was set by Satoshi Nakamoto, and is an issue of controversy, as some miners think the block size ought to be increased to accommodate more data.

Note that I stated that verifying 1 MB value of transactions makes a miner qualified to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who verifies transactions will get paid out.

1MB of transactions can theoretically be as small as 1 transaction (although this is not in any way common) or a few thousand. It depends on how much information the transactions consume.

In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to fulfill two conditions. One is a matter of work, one is a matter of luck.

2) You have to be the first miner to arrive at the right answer to a numeric problem. This practice is also known as a proof of work.

The fantastic news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You might have heard that miners are solving difficult mathematical problems--that's not true at all. What they're actually doing is trying to be the first miner to think of a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash") that is less than or equivalent to the hash.

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The bad news: Since it is guesswork, you need a good deal of computing power in order to get there . To mine , you need to have a high"hash rate," which is quantified in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).

If you want to estimate just how much Bitcoin you can mine along with your mining rig's hash pace, the website Cryptocompare provides a helpful calculator.

Either a go to the website GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 to the tens of thousands. Some miners--particularly Ethereum miners--buy individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a cheap way to cobble together mining operations. The photo below is a makeshift, home-made mining machine. The graphics cards are those rectangular cubes with whirring circles. Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the pictures cards into the metal pole.

ExampleI tell three friends I'm thinking of a number between 1 and 100, and I write that number on a piece of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't need to guess the exact number, they just must be the very first person to guess any number that is less than or equal to this number I'm thinking of.

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Let's say I'm thinking about the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21they lose because 21>19. If Friend B supposes 16 and Friend C supposes 12, then they have both technically came at workable answers, because 16<19 and 12<19. There is no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was closer to the target answer of 19. .

In Bitcoin conditions, simultaneous answers happen frequently, but at the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented which can be equal to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will decide by a simple majority--51%--which miner to honour. Typically, it's the miner that has done the most work, i.e.

## Excitement About 20000 Satoshi

The number above has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand up to now. As you probably noticed, that number consists not only of numbers, but also letters of the alphabet. Why is that

In order to understand these letters are doing in the middle of numbers, let's unpack the term"hexadecimal."

As you know, we use the"decimal" system, which means it's base 10. This in turn means that each and every digit has 10 possibilities, 0-9.

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